Water Facts

Global


Restricted Access to Water

  • 1.4 billion people live without clean drinking water
  • Two-fifths of the world’s population lack access to proper sanitation
  • More than one-third of Africa‚ population lacks access to safe drinking water
  • More than 130 million people in Latin America and the Caribbean lack access to safe drinking water
  • Between 15 and 20 percent of the water used worldwide is not for domestic consumption, but rather for export


Water and Disease

  • Every eight seconds a child dies from drinking dirty water
  • Half of the world‚ hospital beds are occupied by people with an easily preventable waterborne disease
  • 80 percent of all sickness and disease worldwide is related to contaminated water, according to the World Health Organization
  • Diarrhea killed more children in the last decade, nearly 2 million a year in developing countries , than all armed conflicts since the Second World War.
  • Dirty water kills more children than war, malaria, HIV/AIDS and traffic accidents combined
  • 75 percent of the people in Latin America and the Caribbean suffer from chronic dehydration because of poor water quality


Water Quality

  • 90 percent of wastewater produced in underdeveloped countries is discharged untreated into local waters
  • 80 of China‚ major rivers are so degraded that they no longer support aquatic life
  • 90 percent of all groundwater systems under major cities in China are contaminated
  • 75 percent of India‚ rivers and lakes are so polluted that they should not be used for drinking or bathing
  • 60 percent of rural Russians drink water from contaminated wells
  • 20 percent of all surface water in Europe is seriously threatened


Water Scarcity

  • One-third of the world‚ population lives in water stressed countries now
  • Unless we change our ways, two-thirds of the world‚ population will face water scarcity by 2025
  • Compared today, five times as much land is likely to be under ‚extreme” drought by 2025
  • The percentage of the Earth‚ land area stricken by serious drought more than doubled between the 1970s and 2005
  • Rapid melting will reduce the Tibetan glaciers by 50 percent every decade, according to the Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • More than two-thirds of Chinese cities face water shortages
  • 90 percent of the Europe‚ alpine glaciers are in retreat

United States


Water Scarcity

  • Water managers in 36 states expect water shortages by 2013, according to the U.S. Government Accountability Office
  • One-third of all U.S. water withdrawals are for export
  • California has a 20-year supply of freshwater left
  • New Mexico has only a ten-year supply of freshwater left
  • Florida‚ rapid use of groundwater has created thousands of sinkholes that devour anything , houses, cars and shopping malls , unfortunate enough to be built on top of them
  • The U.S. interior west is probably the driest it has been in 500 years, according to the National Academy of Sciences and the U.S. Geological Survey
  • In 2007, Lake Superior, the world‚ largest freshwater lake, dropped to its lowest levels in 80 years and the water has receded more than 15 meters from the shoreline
  • Lake Mead, the vast reservoir of the Colorado River, has a 50 percent chance of running dry by 2021


Water Quality

  • 40 percent of U.S. rivers and streams are too dangerous for fishing, swimming or drinking
  • 46 percent of U.S. lakes are too dangerous for fishing, swimming or drinking because of massive toxic runoff from industrial farms, intensive livestock operations and the more than 1 billion pounds of industrial weed killer used through the country each year
  • Two-thirds of U.S. estuaries and bays are moderately or severely degraded
  • One quarter of U.S. beaches are under advisories or closed due to water pollution
  • 1.5 million metric tons of nitrogen pollution are carried by the Mississippi River into the Gulf of Mexico every year

10.02.2011. 10:30

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